Nations and Countries. Nationality, in law, membership in a nation or sovereign state. During the centuries-long political union between Norway and Denmark, the old Norwegian standard language was completely driven out by the Danish standard language; it still managed a miserable existence only in the numerous dialects of the rural population. Linguistics cannot explain why Czechs and Slovaks became two separate nations, and it would have no explanation if the two in the future should perhaps blend into one nation. Introduction of the use of writing becomes the strongest basis for the unification of language. Some ethnicities don’t have their nation and state like Gypsies. No one could doubt that England is bound together with its dominions and with the United States by a national bond that will show its binding force in days of great political crisis. This was the conception of nation for the German philosophers. The descendants no longer understand one other. Before an act of the U.S. Congress made them citizens, for A nation is the physical territory and the people who live in it. b. If we wish to gain insight into the essence of nationality, we must proceed not from the nation but from the individual. Nationalities, languages, countries and regions - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Surely there is hardly any other problem whose clarification could contribute more to deepening our historical understanding. So in other words, nationality can be … Sometimes people define nation without the requirement of having the same boundaries. Now the further splintering of the language is impeded; now there is an ideal speech that seems worth striving to attain and to imitate. Political and cultural events are decisive. That fact is, however, that very many of those who are on the side of the political Irish movement are English by nationality. As Hayes puts it, “A nationality by acquiring unity and sovereign independence becomes a nation.” A Slate in India, for example, constitutes a nationality. This page lists many of the countries or nations of the world, with name of country, … History provides enough examples of that. Tax ID# 52-1263436, History of the Austrian School of Economics. It is a more precise concept than "country", since a country does not need to have a predominant ethnic group. One part of the people belongs to the Orthodox Church and another part to the Catholic Church, and even today the Mohammedans form a not inconsiderable part. It is the sense of "a nation as a cohesive whole, as represented by distinctive traditions, culture, and language." In learning the language, the child absorbs a way of thinking and of expressing his thoughts that is predetermined by the language and so he receives a stamp that he can scarcely remove from his life. is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. 1.2) The word nation we shall use exclusively to apply to a sovereign government ruling a particular territory; and never to mean an ethnic group - peoples bound by perceived ethnic ties, but lacking a sovereign government. The dialects from which the Slovak language was formed are extraordinarily close to the dialects of the Czech language, and it is not difficult for a rural Slovak who knows only his own dialect to communicate with Czechs, especially Moravians, when the latter speak in their dialect. If, however, the former movement should prevail, then the Czech state would gradually be compelled, if it did not want to appear an oppressor, to grant the Slovaks autonomy and finally, perhaps, complete independence. Preserving Your Articles for Eternity. Hand in hand with political and religious strivings for unity go linguistic strivings. The relation between standard language and dialect is not always that of unequivocal association or indeed of superiority and inferiority, and the circumstances of linguistic history and grammar are not alone decisive in that respect. In the USSR, nationalities such as the Turkmen and Kirghiz have become nations while bypassing the capitalist stage of development. Although it is often thought to be very old, nationalism did not become a great determining factor in history until the end of the 18th century. The Bavarian peasant's son has in general no other way open to culture than through the German standard language, even though it may also happen in rare particular cases that, without this detour, he becomes French or Czech directly. Today there is no longer any purely Plattdeutsch village; at least bilingualism prevails everywhere. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. National is a related term of nationality. From that it immediately follows that the social positions of the different nationalities must be of special significance in this regard, for personal contacts are more or less bound up with class membership. It seems even more difficult at first sight to harmonize the problem of the Irish with the linguistic theory of the nation. People consider them corruption's of the written language; people begin to despise them as the speech of the common man. 3 a : national status specifically : a legal relationship involving allegiance on the part of an individual and usually protection on the part of the state nationality bestowed by birth. In this sense there is a spark of truth in the assertion of the Poles that the Ruthenians are an Austrian invention. Vuk Stefanovic Karadzic wanted to create a Serbian language, Ljudevit Gaj a unified South Slavic; Pan-Serbism and Illyrianism bluntly confronted each other. The concept suggests a substantive differentiation from other nation-states. Partly independently of the political and military organization and partly in closest connection with it, religious institutions arise and spread from one tribe to another. Nationality is defined as the legal citizenship of a nation state, pure and simple. Your nationality is the country you come from: American, Canadian, and Russian are all nationalities. As a social process, assimilation hinges on certain preconditions; it can only occur when its preconditions exist. In simple terms, nationality is the identity of a person’s nation where he/she has taken birth, while ethnicity is the identity of a subgroup to which he/she comes from. ” Nationality plus state is equal to nation. We must ask ourselves what the national aspect of the individual person is and what determines his belonging to a particular nation. If we could fully understand it in its conditions and in its essence, then we would have taken a good step further on the path that leads to understanding of historical development. National identity is a person's identity or sense of belonging to one state or to one nation. In the prerevolutionary period, several different words were used in intellectual and political discussions of what constituted a nation in the context of the Russian Empire: narod, narodnost, natsionalnost, natsiya, and plemya.Despite some efforts to differentiate these terms, they were generally used interchangeably. nationality - people having common origins or traditions and often comprising a nation; "immigrants of the same nationality often seek each other out"; "such images define their sense of nationality" people - (plural) any group of human beings (men or women or children) collectively; "old people"; "there were at least 200 people in the audience" If we want to know its content, we must fix our eyes on the politics in which it plays a role. If one does not see racial affinity as the essence of nationality, that does not mean that one wants to deny the influence of racial affinity on all politics and on national politics in particular. Some nations are ethnic groups (see ethnic nationalism) and some are not (see civic nationalism and multiculturalism). Only since the second half of the eighteenth century did it gradually take on the significance that it has for us today, and not until the nineteenth century did this usage of the word become general.1  Its political significance developed step by step with the concept; nationality became a central point of political thought. Thus, particular social strata in an environment of a foreign nation can not only maintain their own customs and own languages for centuries but also assimilate others to them. [Middle English nacioun, from Old French nation, from Latin nātiō, nātiōn-, from nātus, past participle of nāscī, to be born; see genə- in Indo-European roots .] Administrative compulsion can sometimes bring about these conditions and so indirectly bring about assimilation; it cannot bring about national transformation directly. It's quite important that we familiarize ourselves with the differences of … It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. Community of language binds and difference of language separates persons and peoples. The language opens up the way for a person of exchanging thoughts with all those who use it; he can influence them and receive influence from them. noun The people constituting a particular nation; a nation; a race of people. Russia, Prussia, and Hungary, above all, have been the classical countries of compulsory denationalization. What we see before us is a particular Slavic nation's struggle for life. It may be that we shall never solve them, but that should not keep us from investigating further and should not make us deny the significance of the race factor in history. But since they had the same dialectical material to deal with, the results of their work were identical.

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